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Ao, A., Kontogianni, E.H., Taylor, D. and Handyside, A.H. (1995) Embryonic gene expression in the human preimplantation embryo. Development and Function of the Reproducted Organs. Ch. 3, pp 68-95.

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British Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority . Recent deliberations on the case of human fetal oocytes and on pregnancies in post-menopausal women by the British Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority. Hum-Reprod. 1995 Jan; 10(1): 239-44

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Bujan L, Mansart A, Ponteonnier F, Mieusset R. Time series analysis of sperm concentration in fertile men in Toulouse, France, between 1977 and 1992. BMJ 1996;312:471-2

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Daniels R; Kinis T; Serhal P; Monk. Expression of the myotonin protein kinase gene in preimplantation human embryos Hum Mol Genet, 4: 3, 1995 Mar, 389-93

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Harper, J. C., Coonen, E., Handyside, A. H., Winston, R. M. L., Hopman, A. H. N., and Delhanty, J. D. A. 1995. Mosaicism of autosomes and sex chromosomes in morphologically normal, monospermic preimplantation human embryos. Prenat. Diagn. 15:41-49.

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Hinton BT, Palladino MA, Rudolph D, Labus JC. The epididymis as protector of maturing spermatozoa. Reproduction, Fertility, & Development (1995)(1995)7:731-745.

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Johnson, L. A., Schulman, J. D. 1994. The safety of sperm selection by flow cytometry. Hum. Reprod. 9:758-759.

Johnson, L. A., Welch, G. R., Keyvanfar, K., Dorfmann, A., Fugger, E. F., Schulman, J. D. 1993. Gender preselection in humans? Flow cytometric separation of X and Y spermatozoa for the prevention of X-linked diseases. Hum. Reprod. 8:1733-1739.

Keiding N, Giwercman A, Carlsen E, Skakkebaek NE. Failling sperm quality. BMJ 1994; 309:131

Kelce WR, Stone CR, Laws SC, Cray LE, Kemppainen JA, Wilson EM. Persistent DDT metabolite p,p'DDE is a potent androgen receptor antagonist. Nature 1995;375:581-5

Kimura Y. & R. Yanagimachi. Mouse oocytes injected with testicular spermatozoa or round spermatids can develop into normal offspring. Development 121: 2397-2405 (1995)

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Mansour, R. T., M. A. Aboulghar, G. I. Serour, Y. M. Amin & A. M. Ramzi. The effect of sperm parameters on the outcome of intracytoplasmic sperm injection. Fertil Steril 64: 982-986 (1995)

Martin, R. (1996). The risk of chromosomal abnormalities following ICSI. Hum. Reprod. 11: 924-925.

Ministry of Environment and Energy, Denmark. Male reproductive health and environmental chemicals with estrogenic effects. Copenhagen: Danish Environmental Protection Agency, 1995. (Miljoprojekt No 290)

Monk, M., Zuccoti, M., Thornhill, A., Holding, C., Kontogianni, E.H. and Daniels, R. (1996). Single cell analysis of chromosomes and genes in development. Accepted by Europ. Embr. Transf.

Mullis, K., Faloona, F., Scharf, S., Saiki, R., Horn, G., Erlich, H. 1986. Specific enzymatic amplification of DNA in vitro: the polymerase chain reaction. Cold Spring Harb. Symp. Quant. Biol. 51 Pt 1:263-273.

Munne, S., Grifo, J., Cohen, J., Weier, H. U. 1994. Chromosome abnormalities in human arrested preimplantation embryos: a multiple-probe FISH study. Am. J. Hum. Genet. 55:150-159.

Munne, S., Lee, A., Rosenwaks, Z., Grifo, J., Cohen, J. 1993. Diagnosis of major chromosome aneuploidies in human preimplantation embryos. Hum. Reprod. 8:2185-2191.

Munne, S., Tang, Y. X., Grifo, J., Rosenwaks, Z., Cohen, J. 1994. Sex determination of human embryos using the polymerase chain reaction and confirmation by fluorescence in situ hybridization. Fertil. Steril. 61:111-117.

Murayama-S; Yamano-S; Kobayashi-T; Ishikawa-H; Kunikata-K; Aono-T. Successful freezing of unfertilized mouse oocytes and effect of cocultures in oviducts on development of in vitro fertilized embryos after thawing. J-Assist-Reprod-Genet. 1994 Mar; 11(3): 156-61

Ogura, A. and Yanagimachi, R. (1993) Round spermatid nuclei injected into hamster oocytes form pronuclei and participate in syngamy. Biol. Reprod., 48, 219-225.

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Patrizio P, Ord T, Balmaceda JP, Asch RH . Use of epididymal sperm for assisted reproduction in men with acquired, irreparable obstructive azoospermia.

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Sharpe RM. Another DDT connection. Nature 1995;375:538-9

Sherins, R. J., Thorsell, L. P., Dorfmann, A., Dennison-Lagos, L., Calvo, L. P., Krysa, L., Coulam, C. B., Schulman, J. D. 1995. Intracytoplasmic sperm injection facilitates fertilization even in the most severe forms of male infertility: pregnancy outcome correlates with maternal age and number of eggs available. Fertil Steril 64:369-375.

Sofikitis, N. V., I. Miyagawa, E. Agapitos, P. Pasyianos, T. Toda, W. J. Hellstrom & H. Kawamura. Reproductive capacity of the nucleus of the male gamete after completion of meiosis . J Assist Reprod Genet 11: 335-341 (1994)

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Soussis, J., Harper, J., Handyside, A.H. and Winston, R.M.L. (1996). Obstetric outcome from pregnancies resulting from embryos biopsied for the preimplantation diagnosis of genetic disease. BJOG. Vol 103: 784-788

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Van Steirteghem, A. C., Liu, J., Joris, H., Nagy, Z., Janssenswillen, C., Tournaye, H., Derde, M. P., Van Assche, E., Devroey, P. 1993. Higher success rate by intracytoplasmic sperm injection than by subzonal insemination. Report of a second series of 300 consecutive treatment cycles. Hum. Reprod. 8:1055-1060.

Van Steirteghem, A. C., Nagy, Z., Joris, H., Liu, J., Staessen, C., Smitz, J., Wisanto, A., Devroey, P. 1993. High fertilization and implantation rates after intracytoplasmic sperm injection. Hum. Reprod. 8:1061-1066.

Van Steirteghem, A., Nagy, Z., Liu, J., Joris, H., Verheyen, G., Smitz, J., Tournaye, H., Liebaers, I., Devroey, P. 1994. Intracytoplasmic sperm injection. Baillieres. Clin. Obstet. Gynaecol. 8:85-93.

Verlinsky, Y., Handyside, A.H., Edwards, R., Kulliev, A., Liebaers, I., Coonen, E., Plachot, S., Strom, C., Braude, P., Van Streirtenheim, A., Monk, M., Harper, J., Kontogianni, E.H. & Wilton, L. (1994). Preimplantation Genetic diagnosis of genetic and chromosomal disorders. J. Ass. Repr. Genet., Vol. 11, pp 236243

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Wolgemuth DJ, Rhee K, Wu S, Ravnik SE . Genetic control of mitosis, meiosis and cellular differentiation during mammalian spermatogenesis. Reproduction, Fertility, & Development (1995)7:669-683. Gametogenesis

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